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TOPIC: Deities and trends of Hinduism

Deities and trends of Hinduism 6 years 1 month ago #1607

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Vaishnavism, along with Shaivism is one of two main trends of Hinduism. Vaishnavism has spread mainly in North India. Believers consider Vishnu as the supreme deity of the Absolute and simultaneously as the personal God that incarnates on Earth as different forms of the environment. Vishnu is also known as Narayana and Hari. Although his roots go back to the Vedic period, perhaps, it is even a more distant time.
Vishnu does not present as the main god in the Vedas, there is he's one of the companions of Indra - the god of thunder and the organizer of the world. Being a sun god, Vishnu’s main activity is the establishment of a tripartite order of the world: the earth, the sky and the spaces between them.
The importance of Vishnu increased in the Brahmanic period. His image was complicated, multifaceted, added by the elements of the most popular cults, and Vishnu started to be the deity of all-India scale. Various local deities and beliefs were also included in his cult, becoming its avatars.
Poets called alvars create a huge "Nalayira tivviyap pirabandham" ("Divine hymns of four thousand verses "), which can be defined as a Vaishnava Vedas .The next stage of Vaishnavism was preaching activity of Vaishnava guru Ramanuja (XII c.), and his followers Ramananda and Kabir.
The main form of worship of the deity in Vaishnava calles "puja". It can be made at home as well as on the temple. Puja usually performs in front of the hallowed image of the deity. It begins with hymns and gestures, inviting Vishnu or his avatar. Then prayers bring to the image of the deity symbolic tray of water for bathing and flavors; decorate it with flowers, smoking aromas, swaying light fixtures, etc. As a tray they offer food and flowers.
Puja is considered to be equivalent through performing the hymns praising the deity, uttering "thousands of names" of Vishnu. The main importance is given Japa - chanting the name of a deity or the appropriate mantras (magic spell) . The universal Vaishnava mantra that brings benefit and prosperity is "Om Namo Narayanaya" ("Thank you, Narayana "). Often, Japa by itself is considering as equal to the puja.
The incarnations of Vishnu are black stones. Signs of good luck are signs of chakras and scallops that believers apply to the body (often in the form of tattoos). About 500 million people are currently following Vaishnavism, it is about 70% of the Hindu population of India.
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