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ТЕМА: What is Islam?

What is Islam? 5 года 9 мес. назад #2368

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Human Rights and Justice in Islam

Islam provides a large amount of rights to individuals. Following these rights are protected by Islam. The life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered as sacred - whether a citizen or not a Muslim, Islam also protects honor man. So in Islam is not allowed to insult others or taunt them. Prophet Muhammad said, "Verily, your blood, your property and your honor are inviolable." Sahih al-Bukhari, № 1739, Musnad Ahmad, № 2037.

Racism is not allowed by Islam, Kuran speaks of human equality as follows: "O people! Verily, We have created you from male and female, and we have created you nations and tribes so that you may know one another. Indeed, the most respected before God among you are those who are pious. Truly - God is all-knowing, omniscient! " (Kuran, 49:13). The pious person is a believer who storonytsya all kinds of sin, do good things vizhpovidno prescribed God fearing and loving God. Islam rejects the idea that certain individuals or nations were chosen because of their wealth, power or race. God made ​​men equal, that could stand in front of one another only on the basis of their faith and piety. Prophet Muhammad said, "O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. Arab is not better than a non-Arab and non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (ie white tinged with red) is not better than black, and black is not the best red, except in piety. " Musnad Ahmad, № 22978. Colors mentioned in this statement of the Prophet are given as examples. Their importance lies in the fact that Islam is no better than the other because of the color, regardless of whether he is white or black or red or belong to some other race.

One of the major problems facing mankind, is racism. The developed world can send a man to the moon, but can not stop other people from hate and fight against the other. Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Islam offers a living example of how racism can be stopped. The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah shows the real Islamic brotherhood of all races and nations, when more than two million Muslims from around the world come to Mecca to make pilgrimage.

Islam is a religion of justice. God said, "Verily, God commands you to return this property you its governors, and when you judge between men, you judge justly" (Kuran, 4:58). He also said, "... and be fair, verily, God loves the righteous." (Kuran, 49:9). We must always be fair to those who we hate, as God has said: "... let your hatred of others does not lead to injustice. Keep justice, because it is closer to piety ... " (Kuran, 5:8). The Prophet Muhammad said: "People avoid injustice (ie other infringement, unfair cases, bad behavior towards others.) to be wicked dark Day of Judgement." Musnad Ahmad, № 5798, Sahih al-Bukhari, № 2447. Both those whose rights have been violated in this life will receive them on the Day of Judgment, such as the Prophet said: "On the Day of Judgment will be the right ones
to whom they belong ( and unjust retribution for their actions ...). " Sahih Muslim, № 2582, Musnad Ahmad, № 7163.
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What is Islam? 5 года 9 мес. назад #2369

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What is the status of women in Islam?

Islam considers a woman as married and unmarried, as an individual in her own right to have the status of and manage themselves and their earnings without any guardianship over her (whether it be her father, husband or somebody else). She has the right to buy and sell, give or engage in charity work and spend their money the way she wants. Payment in marriage, the groom paid, (ie the bride-price, or towel - instead.). intended for its own use, and in most cases it keeps his name more often than taking her husband's surname.

Islam encourages the husband to treat his wife the best, such as the Prophet Muhammad said: "The best among you are those who treat their beautiful wives." Ibn Majah, № 1978, At-Tirmidhi, № 3895. Mothers in Islam are in very high respect. Islam calls handled in the best way. A man came to the Prophet Muhammad and said, "O Messenger of God! Who among the people is most deserving for my good relations with him? ". The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man asked, "Then who?". The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man asked, "Then who?". The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man asked, "Then who?". The Prophet said, "Then your other [family]." The man asked again, "And then who?". The Prophet replied, "Your father." Sahih Muslim, № 2548, Sahih al-Bukhari, № 5971.

13. Family in Islam

The role of the family, which is a basic part of civilization, is being largely ignored. The Islamic system of views on the family establishes equal rights for husband, wife, children, and relatives. It nourishes unselfish behavior, generosity and love in a well-organized system of family. Peace and security, which offered stable cell of society - the family,
potsinovuyutsya as much as possible, and are important for the essential spiritual growth of the family. Harmonious social order is created by the existence of large families and protect children.

14. How do Muslims treat the elderly

In the Islamic world is very rare "old people." It is necessary to care for the parents in this difficult time of their lives is considered an honor and blessing as together with the possibility of great spiritual growth. In Islam is not enough that we only pray for the parents, but we must act with limitless compassion, remembering that when we were young children, they preferred us to themselves. Usually very honored mother. When parents are Muslims reach old age, they are treated with grace, good conduct and self-sacrifice.
According to Islamic doctrine, ministry is the responsibility of parents, the second largest after the prayer, and parents have a right to expect this. The expression of some irritation in relation to them by some of their mistake is seen as something disgusting. God said, "LORD hath commanded thy worship none but Him, treat parents as best as possible, and when they reach old age - one of them or both - do not tell them the bad words, no raises voice against them. I speak to them gently, cover with their wings mercy, and say: "Lord, be merciful to them, just as they [mercifully] bringing up my child" (Kuran, 17:23-24).
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What is the essence of the "five pillars" of Islam?

Five Pillars of Islam is the structure of Muslim life. They include: the symbol of faith, prayer, paying zakat (support of the needy), fasting during the month of Ramadan and the pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime for those who are able to do so.

Creed : Creed has the following words spoken with conviction, "La ilyaha Elijah illallah, illallah Muhammadun Rasul." These words mean that "there is no true god but God (Allah), 1 and Muhammad is the Messenger (Prophet) of God." The first part, "There is no true god but God," means that no one worthy of worship except God alone, and that God has no fellow in worship or son. Creed is called Shahada (in Arabic - "Testimony" - instead.) is a simple formula which should be said with certainty if the person converted to Islam. Creed is the most important pillar of Islam.

Ceremonial Prayer : Muslims perform ritual prayer (solyaat) five times a day. Each prayer does not take more than a few minutes to implement it. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between worshipers and God. There are no intermediaries between God and man that prays. During the prayer a person feels inner happiness, peace, comfort, and that God is pleased with it. The Prophet Muhammad said: "Bilyal, call [people] to pray, let we reassured her." Abu Davood, № 4985, № 22578 Musnad. Bilyal was one of the companions of Muhammad, who called people to prayer. Prayers performed at dawn, at noon, afternoon time, sunset, night. A Muslim can pray anywhere, such as in fields, offices, companies or universities.

Paying Zakat : All things belong to God, and wealth is a gift from God. The original meaning of the word zakat - "purification" and "growth." So paying zakat means paying special interest for certain types of property to people in need. This percentage, which is removed from the gold, silver and cash amounts equivalent amount of gold in 85 grams or more, owned by more than one lunar year is two and a half percent. Our property is cleaned when we set off a small portion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this decrease balance encourages new growth. A person may also give as much as she can or wants as voluntary alms or charity.

Fasting in the month of Ramadan : Every year in the month of Ramadan (the ninth month is the Islamic calendar), all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown, abstaining from food, water and sexual relations. Although fasting is very good for health, it is regarded as a rule, as a method of spiritual self-purification. Denying themselves worldly pleasures, even for a short time, the person fasting, begins to have true sympathy for those who are hungry, experiencing growth in the spiritual life.

Pilgrimage to Makkah : The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah is an obligation that must perform once in life for those who are physically and financially able to do so. More than two million people from all corners of the world go to Mecca each year. Nevertheless, Mecca is always filled with visitors, the annual Hajj is performed and in the twelfth month of Islamic calendar. Male pilgrims wear special, simple garments that vidsovuye to the back of her social status and membership of a particular culture, so that all are equal before God. Rituals of the Hajj include seven-time and go round the Kaaba seven-time and running between the hills of Safa and Marwa as did Hagar is, looking for water. Then the pilgrims are together at Arafat (area 15 miles from Mecca), and ask God for what they want, and forgiveness of sins, which are often thought of as viewing the events of Judgment Day. End of Hajj celebrated on 'Eid al-Adha (Feast of Ukraine is also known as the Turkic name "Eid al-Adha" - instead.), Which is celebrated with prayers. This holiday and celebration 'Eid al-Fitr - the feast after the fast Fitr (also known as "Eid al-Adha" - instead.) Are the two annual festivals of the Muslim calendar.
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