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TOPIC: Kosher food

Kosher food 4 years 1 month ago #1201

  • Frenchy
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Kosher food, Kosher (from Hebrew "kashrut" - suitability for use in food) - food that meets the requirements of kashrut (Jewish laws about the use of food).

Basic rules of kashrut are given in the Torah (five books of Moses), and more detailed rabbinical guidance is provided in the Talmud.

According to these principles, only animals having four legs, which are ruminants and have cloven hooves can be used for food(swine, for example, is excluded from the diet since it is not ruminants).

Fish with scales and fins is allowed to eat, and shellfish are forbidden.

Birds that are prohibited for use in food are listed by name in the Bible.

Milk, eggs, caviar of non-kosher animals , birds and fish are also prohibited , as well as any dish in which the cooking process has got non-kosher food (so-called “treifa”).

There are also special rules for the use of permitted food.

Animals (four-legged and poultry) must be slaughtered in accordance with the ritual requirements of a specially prepared butcher -"shochet".

To remove blood, the meat has to besoaked, salted and washed with water.

Meat products can not be eaten with dairy, not even allowed cooking the meat in a bowl of milk out.

During the celebration of the Jewish Easter (Pesach) all leaven is prohibited (derived from fermentation), which implies additional restrictions when cooking.

Keeping kosher in the Jewish community is usually controlled by a special "Council for kashrut," which argues butchers and monitors their work, issues licenses for butcher shop authorized to sell kosher meat, sends inspectors to control the sale of meat.

In the past, in Europe, the kosher food laws caused attacks from the enemies of Judaism.

At the end of the XIX century, there was a movement to ban "shehita" (the traditional Jewish way of slaughtering animals), and some countries have adopted laws prohibiting shehita as "inhumane " way of slaughtering the cattle.
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Kosher food 4 years 1 month ago #1214

  • The chosen one
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When I visited Israel I discovered a lot of interesting about kosher food. For example, some people believe that kosher food it's food that was blessed by a rabbi. This is not true, because in this case every Jewish coffee and restaurant would have to have a rabbi in it's staff. Kosher in Jewish cuisine is considered to be all the plants, but not all animals, birds and fish. In addition, before food preparing animal must be killed in a certain way, and out of it all blood have to be removed.
Of course, the food is prepared according to the strict rules of ritual purity. For example, pork is completely forbidden, so it is impossible to find it in any dish, so, in the traditional Jewish cuisine can not be a pig or roast pork on fat or anything like this.
It's impossible to mix diary products and meat products. Even different kitchen dishes and pots are used for cooking and eating it.
Rules of kashrut are the same in every country.
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Kosher food 4 years 1 month ago #1261

  • juney
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Frenchy, I find your post very confusing. Are you trying to just gives us a brief overview of keeping Kosher? (You haven't done a very good job).

Firstly, you are allowed to eat all poultry (the Torah does specify a list of forbidden birds, but these are all birds of prey/scavengers, but this really doesn't affect cooking, you can eat chicken, duck, goose and turkey - although turkeys were unknown at the time when the Torah was written, so some orthodox Jews do not eat it), as long as they have been slaughtered correctly. Secondly, you can eat eggs and milk, but you cannot consume them in meat dishes, because the Torah states: "You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk." Therefore, meat cooked in a cream sauce is non-Kosher, but there's nothing wrong with putting milk in your tea or coffee. Also, separate utensils must be used for cooking meat and cooking dairy products. In some households, this can result in having two microwaves. You can eat eggs with meat, fish and anything else you want. The only restriction is that you may not eat eggs that have blood spots in them (this is rare, but you'll probably know what I'm talking about). On the whole though, eating eggs isn't a problem (unless they're bird of prey eggs, which, really, is unlikely). As you said, fish can be eaten but shellfish and other seafood cannot. However, I don't understand your point about not eating the caviar of non-Kosher animals - all fish are Kosher and I haven't heard of other animals laying caviar?? Kosher people also cannot consume grape products made by non-Jews (so we need to buy special Kosher wine). Also, alongside forbidden pork, you also cannot consume hare, camel and rock badger (I've never seen the other two on a menu, so again, not that difficult).

Finally, the matter of shechitah. Some people consider this an inhumane way of killing an animal, because it is not stunned prior to the slaughter. Valid as this concern may be, it doesn't take into account how inhumane all slaughterhouses are by their very nature, or the fact that, when shechitah is performed correctly it is painless for the animal as it is rendered unconscious within two seconds. In fact, one of the purposes of shechitah is to be compassionate and humane. It is legal in most countries, except certain European states. Arguably, this is more due to anti-Semitic sentiment in those countries than due to legitimate concerns over its humaneness. Also, there is no rituals involved in shechitah. It merely refers to the manner in which the animal is killed (a single cut with an extremely sharp knife). There're no songs or dances or rabbis present.

@The chosen one - you're right, the rules of kashrut are the same in every country because they're based on one source, the Torah, but you'll find that no two Kosher people keep Kosher in exactly the same way. Some people only buy food that's certified Kosher, others will eat any food that doesn't have readily identifiable treif. The rules may be the same, but they're still up to interpretation.
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